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Home > Life & Culture > Customs & Traditions
Christmas in Palestine 2011
IMEU, Dec 22, 2011

As Christmas approaches, Palestinian Christians in Bethlehem, the birthplace of Jesus, are busy decorating the city and preparing the holiday festivities. Like Christians the world over, the city of Bethlehem, which suffers under Israeli military occupation, is in the hearts and minds of Palestinians everywhere at Christmas time.

Palestinian girl lights candle
A Palestinian girl lights a candle in the Church of the Nativity, the site revered as the birthplace of Jesus, just ahead of Christmas in the West Bank town of Bethlehem. (PHOTO: REUTERS/Mohamad Torokman)
Bethlehem and its holy sites are part of a larger heritage shared by all Palestinians, Muslims, Christians, and non-believers alike. In January, 2011 Palestinians submitted an application to have the Church of the Nativity (built 1,700 years ago on what is considered to be the birthplace of Jesus Christ) designated a World Heritage site. With Palestine's recent admission as a member to UNESCO, such a move has a higher chance of success, helping to preserve this historic church for Palestinians and Christians around the world, indeed for all of humanity.

Economically, Bethlehem relies upon religious tourism for much of its income. However, Israel has largely monopolized the industry by arranging tours of religious sites and controlling the movement of tourists in and out of Bethlehem, denying many struggling Palestinian businesses much-needed access to foreign consumers.

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Graffiti on Israel's wall in the West Bank town of Bethlehem reads, "Merry Christmas from Bethlehem Ghetto."
The wall (deemed illegal by the International Court of Justice) that Israel has built runs extremely close to the city center, obstructing the movement of people, trade, and commerce. As a result, the city center has actually shrunken in size. Bethlehem's sister city, Jerusalem, which lies just a few miles away, is now inaccessible except for the few who can obtain travel permits from Israel.

Israel's nearly 45-year-old military occupation of the West Bank, East Jerusalem, and Gaza, makes a normal life virtually impossible for Palestinians living there, including those in Bethlehem. Nevertheless, it's not all bad news. About 1 million Christian pilgrims still come to Bethlehem every year, making it one of the most visited religious sites in the region.
A promotional video highlighting the Shepherds' Nights festival held in Beit Sahour (Bethlehem)
This year the neighboring town of Beit Sahour will host a three-day music and dance festival entitled Shepherds' Nights to celebrate the holy day. The festival closes out on Christmas Eve with a candle-lit procession and dance performance by al-Funoun al-Sha'biyeh, the popular and respected dance troupe founded in 1979, that has toured the U.S. at least five times.


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Pilgrims sit near the altar of the Church of the Nativity, the traditional site where Jesus was born in the West Bank town of Bethlehem.


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Youth in Santa Claus suits light candles on a Christmas tree fashioned from barbed wire and decorated with cards bearing major milestones in the Israeli occupation of Palestine in an effort to educate Christmastime tourists visiting Bethlehem's Manger Square.


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Internationals light candles on a Christmas tree fashioned from barbed wire in an effort to educate Christmastime tourists visiting Bethlehem's Manger Square.


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