Facts on the Ground Peace Index: Volume IV
The Peace Index is focused on the actions of the Israeli government and military, and statements of Israeli officials. For the most part, it does not include frequent attacks carried out by Israeli settlers against Palestinians and their property and other non-official provocations and incitement, nor is it comprehensive in nature.
The Prawer Plan: Ethnic Cleansing in the Negev
On the Israeli government's controversial plans to forcibly displace tens of thousands of Bedouin citizens of Israel from their ancestral homelands in the Negev desert, the IMEU offers the following fact sheet.
Approved by the cabinet of Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu in September 2011, Prawer is part of a long-term strategic effort to "Judaize" the area by increasing the Jewish population while concentrating the non-Jewish population and limiting its growth.
Israel's History of Assassinating Palestinian Leaders
In November 2012, Arafat's body was exhumed in order for medical examiners to take samples of his remains to test for polonium, part of a murder investigation launched by French authorities at the request of Suha Arafat following the discovery last summer of traces of the highly toxic substance on some of his personal effects. In October 2004, after enduring a two-year siege by the Israeli military in his West Bank headquarters, Arafat fell seriously ill. Two weeks later he was transported to a French military hospital where he died. Doctors concluded he died from a stroke caused by a mysterious blood disorder.
At the time, many Palestinians suspected that Arafat was murdered. Over the years, he had survived numerous assassination attempts by Israel.
Facts on the Ground Peace Index: Volume III
While Israeli-Palestinian talks continue, there have been continuing announcements of new settlement construction, deadly military raids, killings of civilians, demolitions of Palestinian homes, and provocative statements by Israeli government officials.
NOTE: The Peace Index is focused on the actions of the Israeli government and military, and statements of government officials. It does not include frequent attacks carried out by Israeli settlers against Palestinians and their property and other non-official provocations and incitement.
Peace Process in Focus: Recognizing Israel as a "Jewish State"
On Sunday, Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu gave a speech at Israel's Bar-Ilan University in which he once again demanded that Palestinians recognize Israel as a "Jewish state" as part of any final peace agreement. In recent months and years, Israeli officials have been increasingly vocal in their demands that Palestinians not only officially recognize Israel's "right to exist," which the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) did in 1988 and again in 1993, but also that they formally recognize Israel as a "Jewish state."
Is Israel an Apartheid State?
The United Nations International Convention on the Suppression and Punishment of the Crime of Apartheid (1973) defines apartheid as "inhuman acts committed for the purpose of establishing and maintaining domination by one racial group of persons over any other racial group of persons and systematically oppressing them." Over the entirety of its 64-year existence, there has been a period of only about one year (1966-67) that Israel has not ruled over large numbers of Palestinians to whom it granted no political rights simply because they are not Jewish. Prior to the start of the occupation in 1967, Palestinians who remained inside what became Israel in 1948 were ruled by martial law for all but one year, not unlike Palestinians in the occupied territories have been for the past 45 years.
Peace Process in Focus: Home Demolitions, Ethnic Cleansing by Bureaucracy
Last week, as negotiations continued between Israeli and Palestinian officials, both Human Rights Watch and the United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) issued statements condemning Israel's ongoing destruction of Palestinian homes and other structures, particularly in the occupied West Bank and the Negev desert in southern Israel. Israel's policy of destroying Palestinian homes, usually under the pretext of demolishing structures built without permission from Israeli authorities, is a highly sensitive subject for Palestinians, as home demolitions have played a central role in Israel's attempts to dispossess the native, non-Jewish Palestinian population of Israel and the occupied territories since the creation of the state in 1948. To put the issue of home demolitions into context, the IMEU offers the following fact sheet, Ethnic Cleansing By Bureaucracy: Israel's Policy Of Destroying Palestinian Homes.
FACTS ON THE GROUND PEACE INDEX: VOLUME II
While the first month of Israeli-Palestinian talks was marked primarily by a series of provocative announcements for new Israeli settlement construction, recent weeks have seen a continuation of demolitions of Palestinian homes in the occupied territories, particularly in occupied East Jerusalem and the Jordan Valley, and of aggressive Israeli military raids into Palestinian population centers resulting in deaths and injuries of Palestinians. [NOTE: The Peace Index is focused on the actions of the Israeli government and military, and statements of government officials. It does not include frequent attacks carried out by Israeli settlers against Palestinians and their property and other non-official provocations and incitement.]
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