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On civil disobedience
Neve Gordon, The Palestine Chronicle

Gaza families demand answers
Ma'an News

Goldstone and the 'peace process'
George Giacaman,

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Home > Documents & Reports > Historical Documents

The impact of two years of blockade
Gaza: Killed holding a white flag
Children and education in Gaza

Palestinian-Israeli "Joint Understanding" at Annapolis

We express our determination to bring an end to bloodshed, suffering and decades of conflict between our peoples; to usher in a new era of peace, based on freedom, security, justice, dignity, respect and mutual recognition; to propagate a culture of peace and nonviolence; to confront terrorism and incitement, whether committed by Palestinians or Israelis. 

The Mitchell Report

The full report produced by an American fact-finding committee, appointed following the Middle East Peace Summit at Sharm El-Sheikh, Egypt to look into the causes of the outbreak of violence in Israel and the Occupied Territories that began in mid-2000. The committee urged an immediate cessation of violence and the return to negotiations in the face of an ever-worsening Palestinian uprising, or intifada.  

UNSC Resolution 1701 regarding Lebanon

UN Security Council Resolution 1701 calls for the end of hostilities between Israel and Hizballah and for an international peacekeeping force to be staged in southern Lebanon. 

UNSC Resolution 1544 calling on Israel to stop demolishing Palestinian homes

UN Security Council 1544 draws attention to the well-documented demolition of Palestinian homes by Israeli forces, and calls for them to be halted. 

The Gaza Disengagement Plan

After concluding that "there is currently no reliable Palestinian partner with which it can make progress in a bilateral peace process," Prime Minister Ariel Sharon of Israel drew up this unilateral plan to remove Israeli settlements from the Gaza Strip and redeploy Israel's military outside the borders of the territory, thereby claiming that Gaza was "no longer occupied territory." 

The Bush-Sharon Letters

Letters exchanged by US President George W Bush and Israeli Prime Minister Ariel Sharon in 2004, reflecting a shift in US policy to support Israeli expansion into the West Bank. 

The Beirut Declaration

The text of the Saudi peace initiative, as adopted at the Arab summit in Beirut between 26 and 28 March 2002. At this meeting, the Arab governments present called upon Israel to withdraw to 1967 borders, address the Palestinian refugee problem, and recognize the existence of a Palestinian state, in return for the normalization of relations with all Arab governments. 

Draft Permanent Status Agreement

The Permanent Status Agreement (hereinafter "this Agreement") ends the era of conflict and ushers in a new era based on peace, cooperation, and good neighborly relations between the Parties. The implementation of this Agreement will settle all the claims of the Parties arising from events occurring prior to its signature. No further claims related to events prior to this Agreement may be raised by either Party.  

International Court of Justice opinion on Israel's wall

At the 23rd meeting of its tenth emergency special session, on 8 December 2003, the General Assembly, by resolution ES-10/14, decided, in accordance with Article 96, paragraph 1, of the Charter of the United Nations, to request the International Court of Justice to urgently render an advisory opinion on the following question: What are the legal consequences arising from the construction of the wall being built by Israel, the occupying Power, in the Occupied Palestinian Territory, including in and around East Jerusalem, as described in the report of the Secretary-General, considering the rules and principles of international law, including the Fourth Geneva Convention of 1949, and relevant Security Council and General Assembly resolutions?  

Roadmap to Peace

The following is a performance-based and goal-driven roadmap, with clear phases, timelines, target dates, and benchmarks aiming at progress through reciprocal steps by the two parties in the political, security, economic, humanitarian, and institution-building fields, under the auspices of the Quartet [the United States, European Union, United Nations, and Russia]. The destination is a final and comprehensive settlement of the Israel-Palestinian conflict by 2005, as presented in President Bush's speech of 24 June, and welcomed by the EU, Russia and the UN in the 16 July and 17 September Quartet Ministerial statements. 

Leaked European Union report

East Jerusalem is of central importance to the Palestinians in political, economic, social and religious terms. Several inter-linked Israeli policies are reducing the possibility of reaching a final status agreement on Jerusalem, and demonstrate a clear Israeli intention to turn the annexation of East Jerusalem into a concrete fact 

UNSC Resolution 1515 endorsing the 'Road Map'

The United Nations Security Council officially endorsed the "Road Map" peace plan - to be overseen by the Quartet - with this resolution, passed on November 19, 2003. 

UNSC Resolution 1435 condemning ongoing violence in Israel and the Occupied Territories

Concerned about the ongoing violence in late 2002, as Israel continued to occupy major Palestinian cities and bombard Palestinian Authority headquarters in Ramallah, the United Nations Security Council reiterated its call for a complete ceasefire and withdrawal by Israel to pre-2000 positions in the Occupied Territories. 

UNSC Resolution 1405 on the humanitarian situation in the OPT, especially Jenin

Concerned by the dire humanitarian situation of the Palestinian civilian population, in particular reports from the Jenin refugee camp of an unknown number of deaths and destruction in 2002, the United Nations Security Council passed this resolution calling for greater access for humanitarian organizations to the civilian population in the Occupied Territories. 

UNSC Resolution 1402 calling for a ceasefire and Israeli withdrawal from Palestinian cities

Amidst heightening violence in 2002 that brought significant casualties to both sides, the United Nations Security Council urgently called for a ceasefire in Israel and the Palestinian Territories, and a withdrawal of Israeli forces from Palestinian cities, including Ramallah. 

UNSC Resolution 1397 endorsing Tenet work plan and Mitchell Report recommendations

The United Nations Security Council calls for an immediate halt to violence on both sides in the Israel-Palestinian conflict, and calls for Israeli and Palestinian sides and their leaders to cooperate in the implementation of the Tenet work plan and Mitchell Report recommendations with the aim of resuming negotiations on a political settlement. 

UNSC Resolution 1322 on excessive use of force by Israel during the intifada

This resolution, passed by the UN Security Council in 2000, condemned provocative Israeli actions on the Al-Aqsa Mosque compound in Jerusalem that led to the death and injury of numerous Palestinians. 

The Sharm el-Sheikh Memorandum on Implementation Timeline of Outstanding Commitments of Agreements Signed and the Resumption of Permanent Status Negotiations

The Sharm el-Sheikh Memorandum was signed by representatives of Israel and the Palestine Liberation Organization after meetings in Egypt, and was aimed at re-emphasizing the commitment of both sides to carry out the provisions of previous signed agreements - namely the Oslo Accords of 1993/1995 and the Wye River Memorandum of 1998 - and to work towards a final status agreement to end the conflict. 

1998 Wye River Memorandum

The Wye River Memorandum was a political agreement negotiated to implement the earlier Interim Agreement of 28 September, 1995 brokered by the United States between Israel and the Palestine Authority completed on October 23, 1998. It was signed by Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and PLO Chairman Yasser Arafat. It was negotiated at Wye River, MD (at the Wye River Conference Center) and signed at the White House with President Bill Clinton playing a key role as the official witness. On November 17, 1998, Israel's 120 member parliament, the Knesset, approved the Wye River Memorandum by a vote of 75-19. 

UNSC Resolution 1073 on the situation in the Occupied Territories and construction in Jerusalem

This Security Council resolution expressed extreme concern at the situation in the Occupied Territories, including Israeli plans for construction of a tunnel in the Old City of Jerusalem, clashes between Israeli forces and Palestinian police and other "tragic events" in the West Bank and the Gaza Strip. 

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